Important features of critical reading are following:
- Examine all the evidence and the arguments presented
- Check if there are any influences on the evidence and arguments
- Keep in mind the limitations of the topic
- Examine the interpretations made
- Decide how much do you agree with the authors opinion
Why Critical Reading Is Needed
Several decisions have to be made during the research and writing process. All these decisions made are potential topic for further debate. When you are thinking of come writing something you must first do of your own evaluation that how much are you willing to take what you will be reading. A practical starting point therefore, is to consider anything you read not as fact, but as the argument of the writer. Taking this starting point, you will be ready to engage in critical reading.
A critical reader keeps questioning whatever they read and they do not always agree to what they are reading. What they basically do is that they point out the positive and negative sides of an argument. This helps them to completely understand the author’s argument. They are actually looking for common facts that are going to make their content and the general themes and ideas, and with the help of these ideas they point out issues related to a particular text. When they are done reading all the material they form their opinion.
Reading Articles Critically
Following things should be kept in mind when reading research articles critically:
- Whether the research objective or not and is there any evidence of biasness
- Numbers given in a research are evaluated. Real meaning behind absolute numbers
- The results calculated, are they of some meaning or not
- Are the findings new or are they similar to the previous researches
- Is the study having long term effect or is the effect only for a short period of time
- Is the research well described or are there any parts missing?
Select that information which you think is most relevant. As mentioned above the data collected should be proven accurate and all the findings should have proper explanations. Evidence should be selected that support your views. Whatever you say will be evaluated and if some flaw is found you are definitely going to get penalized for that. So make sure your research is done right.