Identifying The Nature Of Topic: Depending on the essay topic, you will need to come up with ways to collect relevant information to back up your claims. Methods of research mainly depend on the topic of your essay. if the topic is related to history then you will have to find primary source of information. Similarly, a science topic will require a set of experiments to take place and from those experiments results will be calculated
Data Collection: Make a detailed record of whatever you are searching. Take lots of notes. All the information you think is relevant to a particular area, write it down under a heading so that it gets easy for you later on find the required material.
Finding Books: Go through different books to get the desired information. Always keep in mind what the actual question of the topic was. You will have to search for more to get the full idea of the topic. References can also be used in your essay to further support your argument. In the same way, bibliography is a great way to expand your research into several other areas.
Finding Articles: Finding scholarly articles also helps to strengthen your research. Pick an appropriate database for your research but also remember that topics will cross other disciplines so make sure you are going in track.
Web: Online searching for a topic is the easiest way, but the problem lies here is that sometimes the required content is not available. Another issue arises is that whether the information is reliable on the internet or not. Anyone can make a website and upload stuff which may or may not be true. Due to these reasons, online research is not considered the most favorite option when it comes to researching a topic.
Evaluate The Sources: Once you are done with gathering all the research make sure you establish its credibility. Was the information collected authentic. Use different sorts of sources to check the authenticity. Find out who the authors are. Are they well known in their field and how bias are they when dealing with a certain topic? In the same way, every information collected should be properly examined.
Organize Notes: Reassemble your notes in a logical order. Organize them so that they flow from one to the next. Mark all the material collected so that it gets easier to find things later on.
Determining The Length Of The Essay: When you are researching, you should always keep in mind the word limit. The material you collect should not make it difficult for you to fit in all the information within the given word limit.